.
American
Red Cross
(ARC)
. I. Facts about the ARC
.
-. Purpose of the ARC
-. ARC Structure
-. Activities of the ARC
* Military and Naval Welfare Service
(ARC Clubmobile Special)
* Domestic Services
* Volunteer Special Services
.
.
.Volunteer Special Services

The volunteer special services consisted of unpaid volunteers who freely donated their time and service to the American Red Cross. The following Volunteer Corps of the American Red Cross existed during World War II (listed in alphabetic order and with corps colors in the background):
.

.Administration Corps
.
Service: .. Throughout World War II
Strength: 21,347 qualified volunteers (1943)
Duty: Provided administrative support and direction to the programs of the other corps in the Volunteer Special Services.
.
.Arts and Skills Corps
.
Service: .  Established in 1944. 
Strength: .  6,645 qualified volunteers (1945)
Duty:  . Aided in the rehabilitation of disabled veterans in 105 hospitals by giving them an opportunity to do creative and constructive work under the instruction and direction of artists and craftsmen.
.
.
.Braille Corps
.
Service: . Ceased operations in 1942
Strength: 3,714 qualified volunteers (1942)
Duty:  Transcribed written documents for use by the blind. The Braille Corps ceased operations in 1942 on the national level because technical advances in transcription rendered this service less essential.
 .
.Canteen Corps
.
Service: . Throughout World War II
Strength:  105,571 volunteers (1943)
Duty:  Served snacks and meals, primarily in the United States, at major transportation points, military posts, and at Red Cross blood donor centers, childcare centers, and schools.
.
Home Service Corps
.
Service: . Throughout World War II
Strength: 16,033 volunteers (1944)
Duty:  Provided care to the families of service members of the United States Armed Forces.
 .
.Hospital and Recreation Corps
(Gray Ladies)
.
Service: . Throughout World War II
Strength: 49,882 qualified volunteers (1944)
Duty: Provided a variety of hostess and recreational services in over 1,000 military and veteran hospitals, which included assistance in writing letters, reading to patients, personal tutoring, performing errands, and numerous other non-medical duties within the hospitals.
 .
Motor Corps
.
Service: Throughout World War II
Strength : 44,668 volunteers (1943)
Duty: Transported the sick and wounded, delivered supplies and drove volunteers and nurses to and from their duty stations, mostly by using their own cars. Many were trained as auto mechanics in order to make repairs on their vehicles, because of the shortage of facilities during wartime.
 .
Production Corps 
..
Service: Throughout World War II
Strength: 3,500,000 volunteers (1943)
Duty: Fabricated and repaired 64 million pieces of clothing, made over 2.5 billion surgical dressings and assembled over 31 million comfort kit bags and other articles for the Allies and civilian wartime victims.  This work was performed by committees and organized by task. The women worked in close social comradeship in Red Cross chapter buildings, schools, churches and home workrooms. The instructions, patterns and supplies were distributed by the national headquarters to the local chapters, and each was assigned to fill a certain quota. This was the largest corps. It was very popular because no special qualifications were required, and social friendship prevailed in the 3,304 chapters where the Production Corps was active.
 .
Staff Assistance Corps
.
Service: . Throughout World War II
Strength: 128,214 volunteers (1944)
Duty: provided office chores and administrative support for Red Cross locations, such as hospitals, chapters, and other locations.
 .
Volunteer Dietitianís Aide Corps
.
Service: .. Throughout World War II
Strength: . 7,730 volunteers (1944)
Duty: . Help fill the critical shortages of dietary departments within 260 military and civilian hospitals.
.
..
Volunteer Nurse's Aides Corps
..
Service: . Throughout World War II
Strength: 110,170 volunteers (1944)
Duty: Provided vital assistance to nurses within hospitals. 
Click here for full description of this program ("Guide for the Training of Volunteer Nurses' Aides").
 .
.
continue to:
.
Purpose of the ARC
ARC Structure
Military and Naval Welfare Service
Domestic Services
Volunteer Special Services
..
.
[ I. Development ]..[ II. Facts about the ARC ]..[ III. Uniforms ]..[ IV. Sources ]
.
.
[Homepage]
..